Opioid-based medications can be useful for pain management—especially for the severe pain someone may experience directly after surgery. However, opioid medications such as Vicodin®, Percocet® and OxyContin®, are powerful and can be deadly if not taken properly. Even if taken as directed, any opioid-based medication can have serious side effects, including addiction and overdose.
“Adults and kids should understand that it’s not a victory to come out of the doctor’s office with opioids.”
–Dr. Caleb Banta-Green
Opioids aren’t the only painkillers on the market, and they’re not always the best way to fight pain. Talk to your doctor about ways to manage pain that do not involve prescription opioids. Some of these options may work better and have fewer risks and side effects. Depending on the type of pain you are experiencing, options may include:
It is important to talk to your health care provider about other medications you are taking and whether you have a history of substance misuse. This information will allow your provider to help you find a pain management plan that is not only effective, but safe.
*If you are using opioids for chronic pain or struggling with opioid dependence/addiction, ask your health care provider about keeping naloxone on hand.
You should feel comfortable talking to a health care provider about your pain management plan. If you are uncomfortable, or your provider insists on prescribing opioids, you may want to consider looking for a new provider. Ask friends or family members for recommendations, call your insurance company for a list of local providers, or visit the Washington State Health Care Authority website.
If you believe your provider has violated a law or has demonstrated unprofessional conduct/actions that misled or harmed you, another option is to file a complaint with the Washington State Department of Health.
Parent and other caregivers play an important role in preventing substance misuse among youth. Talking with youth about how to make safe, smart choices regarding drugs and alcohol is important. It is also important to acknowledge the risks of prescription drug use. Almost 50% of young people who use heroin started with prescription drug abuse, and more than 40% of teens who misused a prescription drug got it from their parents’ medicine cabinet.
Parents can start as early as preschool when it comes to talking about medication use. If your child takes vitamins, this is a great way to introduce the topic. Explain that vitamins are medicine too; while they are good for you and help you grow, they can also be harmful if you take too many. Being transparent about your own medication use reminds children that medications are taken for a specific reason and not for fun.
It is crucial that children understand prescriptions are only meant to be taken by the person whose name is on the bottle, and only following a doctor’s instructions. Age-specific tips on how to talk to youth about prescription drugs (as well as other drugs and alcohol) are available from the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids
Holding open and honest conversations and teaching healthy coping mechanisms, are great ways to help your child build resilience. Resilience is the ability to adapt well in the face of adversity, trauma, tragedy, threats or significant sources of stress. Building resilience decreases a child’s vulnerability to future substance misuse and abuse.
Tips for Building Resilience:
Parents, please do not feel alone in this endeavor! Skagit County schools employ counselors, student assistance professionals and/or prevention/intervention specialists. Find out who in your child’s school can help support your child and you!
For many youths, their first experience with opioids begins after a dental procedure, a broken bone, or other serious injury. Some healthcare providers prescribe opioids as a standard method for pain management. While opioid medications may be effective for treating pain in the short-term, they have an extremely high tendency for addiction and do nothing to address the underlying cause of pain. Research has shown that opioids are no better than over-the-counter medications. As your child’s advocate, you can inform the dentist or health care provider that you prefer an alternative treatment for pain management. If opioids are the best course of treatment, prescribing guidelines from the Bree Collaborative indicate that youth younger than 20 should not be prescribed more than a three-day supply of opioids (less than 10 pills).
It is important to tell children and adolescents that prescribed pain medications are medically appropriate to take under the supervision of a health care provider. If you have agreed that your child should take opioids, it’s important to discuss the risks of misuse and be clear they should not be shared with anyone else. Securely store and supervise the dispensing of medication(s) by keeping count of the number of pills in the bottle to ensure they are being taken as prescribed. Monitor your child’s level of pain and be sure to look for signs of dependence, such as loss of interest in favorite activities, mood swings, depression symptoms and increased tolerance or preoccupation with the drug.
Medications should be kept in a safe and secure place where they cannot be accessed by other family members or friends. And it’s always important to dispose of any unused medication through the Secure Medicine Return program.
Older adults are likely to live with chronic pain and physical illnesses such as arthritis, bone fractures, organ failure, stroke and cancer. When seeking treatment for pain management, seniors are often prescribed opioid medications (e.g., OxyContin, Vicodin and Percocet). In fact, The America’s Addiction to Pain Pills Special Report Demonstrates that:
Prescription monitoring program data for Skagit County show that individuals 55 years and older were three times more likely (144.8 per 1,000 people) to receive at least one opioid prescription during the second quarter of 2018 (a 3-month period) when compared to those younger than age of 55 (51.8 per 1,000 people). Talking with seniors about potential risks of opioid prescriptions, and what they can do to prevent misuse and abuse in their home, is crucial.
High prescription rates in the elderly population is not the only risk factor for opioid misuse and abuse. As people age, their mental and physical abilities decline. They may be more likely to be confused, forgetful or have problems with hearing. This can hinder one’s ability to take prescriptions as directed.
The National Council on Aging reports that 1 in 4 Americans 65 or older falls every year, making falls responsible for one emergency room visit every 11 seconds and one death every 19 minutes for this segment of the population.
Falls are the leading cause of death among older adults in Washington, claiming nearly 900 lives each year. Evidence suggests that older adults taking opioids are 4-5 times more likely to fall than people taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), such as aspirin and ibuprofen.
Watch what your loved ones are taking and ask questions. Pharmacists can be particularly helpful. Advocacy is an important protective factor for elderly populations. In addition to ensuring that seniors take prescriptions as directed, it’s important to know what other medications they may be taking. Opioids can have dangerous interactions with muscle relaxers, some antibiotics, benzodiazepines (like Xanax and Valium) and other medications.
Many times, older adults are more susceptible to theft in the home due to the number of medications lying around. There is also an increased risk of poisonings, either from patients confusing medications or from young children getting into prescriptions.
Risks can be reduced by following these three simple steps:
How many times have you looked at a leftover bottle of prescription medication and thought, “I’ll keep these just in case I get sick again later”? The enormity of the opioid crisis can feel overwhelming, especially with headlines warning of increased overdoses and deaths. However, keeping current medications locked up, and quickly disposing of any/all unused medications, is one way you can help fight the opioid crisis in Skagit County.
Taking a prescription opioid puts you at risk for prescription theft. Because prescription opioids are commonly abused, safely storing your medications can prevent them from falling into the wrong hands. A great way to ensure that your prescriptions are secure is by placing them in locking medicine cabinets, small lock boxes and portable lock bags. These can be purchased at some local pharmacies, large retailers including Amazon and Walmart, as well as independent online businesses such as Safer Lock Rx, Lock-Med, and Cardinal Bag Supplies. You can also contact MVHope at 360-419-9058 or United General Hospital District 304 at 360-854-7168 to learn more about their lock-box programs.
Partnership for Drug-Free Kids – More than 4 in 10 teens who misused or abused a prescription drug took it from their parents’ medicine cabinet.
About one-third of medicines sold to consumers go unused. The accumulation of leftover medicines in our homes can unintentionally contribute to substance misuse, accidental poisonings, and environmental pollution. Did you know that:
The Skagit County Board of Health passed Skagit County Code (SCC) 12.2, Secure Medicine Return ordinance, in February of 2018. This ordinance requires pharmaceutical producers to pay for the collection and disposal of leftover medications. The company selected to operate the Secure Medicine Return program in Skagit County is MED-Project.
Through the Secure Medicine Return program, all Skagit County residents can safely dispose of leftover medicines for free in three secure and convenient ways. No ID, forms or interactions are required.
Medication drop-boxes can be found at several Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)-authorized pharmacies, hospitals with an in-house pharmacy, or law enforcement agencies throughout Skagit County. Medications can be disposed of via drop-box anytime during the operating hours of the host site. Find the nearest drop-box site and their hours of operations.
Several municipal buildings (e.g., libraries, town/city halls, fire departments and more) throughout Skagit County have volunteered to offer mail-back distribution services. All host sites are stocked with either standard envelopes, inhaler boxes, auto-injector/sharps boxes, or a combination of the three. Mail-back materials are pre-paid, pre-addressed and can be picked up anytime during the operating hours of the host site. Find the nearest mail-back distribution site and their hours of operation. If your preferred location does not have the desired materials, place an order with MED-Project here, or contact Public Health at 360-416-1500.
Mail back your meds by getting pre-paid, pre-addressed, safe and secure mailing supplies sent directly to your home. Home healthcare professionals providing services to differently abled or home-bound residents may request envelopes on behalf of their clients. Anyone in the community can order mail-back supplies including Standard Envelopes (for medicines in pill, powder, lotion, liquid, and patch forms), Inhaler Packages and Injector Packages (for products containing a sharp or auto-injector). Order mail-back supplies.
|Anacortes Police Department||1218 24th St., Anacortes, WA 98221|
|Burlington Police Department||311 Cedar St., Suite B, Burlington, WA 98233|
|Hometown Pharmacy||640 State Route 20, Suite A, Sedro-Woolley, WA 98284|
|Mount Vernon Police Department||1805 Continental Pl., Mount Vernon, WA 98273|
|Schaffner Pharmacy||1990 Hospital Dr., Suite 120, Sedro-Woolley, WA 98273|
|Sedro-Woolley Police Department||325 Metcalf St., Sedro-Woolley, WA 98284|
|Skidmore Pharmacy||1214 24th St., Suite 400, Anacortes WA 98221|
|Sea Mar Community Health Center Pharmacy||7438 S D Ave., Suite C, Concrete, WA 98237
1400 LaVenture Rd., Mount Vernon, WA 98273
|Skagit County Sheriff’s Office||600 S Third St., Mount Vernon, WA 98273|
|Skagit Valley Hospital||1415 E Kincaid St., Mount Vernon, WA 98274|